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24 november 2018

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Musikk i ung alder

Musikk i ung alder

Music plays a very important part in our culture. When thinking about everyday life, music is present in a variety of social and educational activities. We listen to music on radio, television, or movies. Most governmental ceremonies include a component of music, while we also use songs to celebrate birthdays or to worship.

Given this importance of music, it is no surprise that parents use music instinctively to express joy and to engage or calm their children. Most preschoolers love listening or singing along to music. Studies claim that children who have a rich musical environment do not only get a good entertainment but also help them to develop essential music skills.
Source: Anne Steinhoff, Novak Djokovic Foundation

What Children Learn from Being Exposed to Music

Research undertaken by a team of researchers in the 1990s demonstrated that the exposure to music from early childhood onwards helps children to speak more clearly, develop a larger vocabulary, and strengthen social, and emotional skills. The psychologist Howard Gardner already argued in 1983 that music intelligence is as important as logical and emotional intelligence. This is because music has the ability to strengthen the connection between the body and brain to work together as a team. For instance, when dancing and moving to music, children develop better motor skills whereas singing along to a song helps them to practise their singing voice. In general, the exposure to music supports children in their development process to learn the sound of tones and words.

Music and Early Childhood Development

Many studies have investigated the importance of music in early childhood development since the 1950s. Two facts widely accepted are that (1) children do not express music in the same way as adults and (2) the years from birth to the age six are the most important period for a child’s musical development. This is because even the youngest toddlers receive the tones of music and unintentionally differentiate in frequency, melody, and stimuli. The early years of childhood are critical to learn to unscramble the tones of music and to build up a mental organisation system to memorise the music. This means that, like language development, toddlers develop their musical skills through imitating and memorising rhythms and tones of songs such as clapping to a beat and singing in tune. Without this ability children would not be able to develop their musical skills. However, this ability is influenced by positive and negative factors. Therefore, sufficient stimulation and exposure to music and musical play is necessary to help children turn their potential into actual musical growth. In terms of instruction, the most typical negative influence on developing musical growth is when parents are not musically orientated and do not actively expose their kids to music.

Parents’ Important Role in Musical Education

Parents play the most important role in music education when it comes to expanding a child’s musical horizon. For many years, researchers have been pointing out that children whose families are more musically orientated are considerably more developed in their musical behaviour than children who experience a less musically orientated environment. Research undertaken by Kelley and Sutton-Smith explains this situation well with clear examples: the two researchers developed case studies that followed the early childhood years of three girls whose families had different musical backgrounds. While the parents of the first girl were professional musicians, the parents of the second girl practiced music from a non-professional background. Finally, the third girls’ parents made the least musically orientated choices due to their own non-musical background. The researchers’ findings suggest that there was a major difference between the two families who exposed their girls to a varying degree of music and the family who did not engage in integrating musical education at all. They concluded that a rich musical environment at home fosters a child’s exposure to music and improves a child’s music ability. Further research also indicates that parents develop a stronger bond to their children when they enjoy music together. This way music is not only a tool that contributes to personal growth and development of a child, but it also helps family members to spend quality time together and have fun.

 

Since there is no negative consequence to the idea to connect children with music, it is an activity that parents can offer to their children as often as possible. Even if the regular dose of listening to classical music is not likely to result in sudden ability improvements, it has a positive impact on a child’s rhythm, movement, social and listening skills in the long run. Additionally, there are many short-term benefits. Listening and practicing music can be calming, entertaining, and fun for parents and children.

 

Adagio Music Institute has Music Kindergarten programme for developing music skills through play and fun as well as course for parents where you can learn a lot about what to do and how to react if your child is involved in music education.